Plotting Validation Curves

In this example the impact of the SMOTE’s k_neighbors parameter is examined. In the plot you can see the validation scores of a SMOTE-CART classifier for different values of the SMOTE’s k_neighbors parameter.

../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_validation_curve_001.png
# Authors: Christos Aridas
#          Guillaume Lemaitre <[email protected]>
# License: MIT

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from sklearn import model_selection as ms
from sklearn import datasets, metrics, tree

from imblearn import over_sampling as os
from imblearn import pipeline as pl

print(__doc__)

RANDOM_STATE = 42

scorer = metrics.make_scorer(metrics.cohen_kappa_score)

# Generate the dataset
X, y = datasets.make_classification(n_classes=2, class_sep=2,
                                    weights=[0.1, 0.9], n_informative=10,
                                    n_redundant=1, flip_y=0, n_features=20,
                                    n_clusters_per_class=4, n_samples=5000,
                                    random_state=RANDOM_STATE)
smote = os.SMOTE(random_state=RANDOM_STATE)
cart = tree.DecisionTreeClassifier(random_state=RANDOM_STATE)
pipeline = pl.make_pipeline(smote, cart)

param_range = range(1, 11)
train_scores, test_scores = ms.validation_curve(
    pipeline, X, y, param_name="smote__k_neighbors", param_range=param_range,
    cv=3, scoring=scorer, n_jobs=1)
train_scores_mean = np.mean(train_scores, axis=1)
train_scores_std = np.std(train_scores, axis=1)
test_scores_mean = np.mean(test_scores, axis=1)
test_scores_std = np.std(test_scores, axis=1)

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(1, 1, 1)

plt.plot(param_range, test_scores_mean, label='SMOTE')
ax.fill_between(param_range, test_scores_mean + test_scores_std,
                test_scores_mean - test_scores_std, alpha=0.2)
idx_max = np.argmax(test_scores_mean)
plt.scatter(param_range[idx_max], test_scores_mean[idx_max],
            label=r'Cohen Kappa: ${0:.2f}\pm{1:.2f}$'.format(
                test_scores_mean[idx_max], test_scores_std[idx_max]))

plt.title("Validation Curve with SMOTE-CART")
plt.xlabel("k_neighbors")
plt.ylabel("Cohen's kappa")

# make nice plotting
ax.spines['top'].set_visible(False)
ax.spines['right'].set_visible(False)
ax.get_xaxis().tick_bottom()
ax.get_yaxis().tick_left()
ax.spines['left'].set_position(('outward', 10))
ax.spines['bottom'].set_position(('outward', 10))
plt.xlim([1, 10])
plt.ylim([0.4, 0.8])

plt.legend(loc="best")
plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 5.973 seconds)

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