imblearn.ensemble.BalancedRandomForestClassifier

class imblearn.ensemble.BalancedRandomForestClassifier(n_estimators=100, *, criterion='gini', max_depth=None, min_samples_split=2, min_samples_leaf=1, min_weight_fraction_leaf=0.0, max_features='auto', max_leaf_nodes=None, min_impurity_decrease=0.0, bootstrap=True, oob_score=False, sampling_strategy='auto', replacement=False, n_jobs=None, random_state=None, verbose=0, warm_start=False, class_weight=None, ccp_alpha=0.0, max_samples=None)[source]

A balanced random forest classifier.

A balanced random forest randomly under-samples each boostrap sample to balance it.

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters
n_estimatorsint, default=100

The number of trees in the forest.

criterionstr, default=”gini”

The function to measure the quality of a split. Supported criteria are “gini” for the Gini impurity and “entropy” for the information gain. Note: this parameter is tree-specific.

max_depthint, default=None

The maximum depth of the tree. If None, then nodes are expanded until all leaves are pure or until all leaves contain less than min_samples_split samples.

min_samples_splitint, float, default=2

The minimum number of samples required to split an internal node:

  • If int, then consider min_samples_split as the minimum number.

  • If float, then min_samples_split is a percentage and ceil(min_samples_split * n_samples) are the minimum number of samples for each split.

min_samples_leafint, float, default=1

The minimum number of samples required to be at a leaf node:

  • If int, then consider min_samples_leaf as the minimum number.

  • If float, then min_samples_leaf is a fraction and ceil(min_samples_leaf * n_samples) are the minimum number of samples for each node.

min_weight_fraction_leaffloat, default=0.0

The minimum weighted fraction of the sum total of weights (of all the input samples) required to be at a leaf node. Samples have equal weight when sample_weight is not provided.

max_features{“auto”, “sqrt”, “log2”}, int, float, or None, default=”auto”

The number of features to consider when looking for the best split:

  • If int, then consider max_features features at each split.

  • If float, then max_features is a percentage and int(max_features * n_features) features are considered at each split.

  • If “auto”, then max_features=sqrt(n_features).

  • If “sqrt”, then max_features=sqrt(n_features) (same as “auto”).

  • If “log2”, then max_features=log2(n_features).

  • If None, then max_features=n_features.

Note: the search for a split does not stop until at least one valid partition of the node samples is found, even if it requires to effectively inspect more than max_features features.

max_leaf_nodesint, default=None

Grow trees with max_leaf_nodes in best-first fashion. Best nodes are defined as relative reduction in impurity. If None then unlimited number of leaf nodes.

min_impurity_decreasefloat, default=0.0

A node will be split if this split induces a decrease of the impurity greater than or equal to this value. The weighted impurity decrease equation is the following:

N_t / N * (impurity - N_t_R / N_t * right_impurity
                    - N_t_L / N_t * left_impurity)

where N is the total number of samples, N_t is the number of samples at the current node, N_t_L is the number of samples in the left child, and N_t_R is the number of samples in the right child. N, N_t, N_t_R and N_t_L all refer to the weighted sum, if sample_weight is passed.

bootstrapbool, default=True

Whether bootstrap samples are used when building trees.

oob_scorebool, default=False

Whether to use out-of-bag samples to estimate the generalization accuracy.

sampling_strategyfloat, str, dict, callable, default=’auto’

Sampling information to sample the data set.

  • When float, it corresponds to the desired ratio of the number of samples in the minority class over the number of samples in the majority class after resampling. Therefore, the ratio is expressed as \alpha_{us} = N_{m} / N_{rM} where N_{m} is the number of samples in the minority class and N_{rM} is the number of samples in the majority class after resampling.

    Warning

    float is only available for binary classification. An error is raised for multi-class classification.

  • When str, specify the class targeted by the resampling. The number of samples in the different classes will be equalized. Possible choices are:

    'majority': resample only the majority class;

    'not minority': resample all classes but the minority class;

    'not majority': resample all classes but the majority class;

    'all': resample all classes;

    'auto': equivalent to 'not minority'.

  • When dict, the keys correspond to the targeted classes. The values correspond to the desired number of samples for each targeted class.

  • When callable, function taking y and returns a dict. The keys correspond to the targeted classes. The values correspond to the desired number of samples for each class.

replacementbool, default=False

Whether or not to sample randomly with replacement or not.

n_jobsint, default=None

Number of CPU cores used during the cross-validation loop. None means 1 unless in a joblib.parallel_backend context. -1 means using all processors. See Glossary for more details.

random_stateint, RandomState instance, default=None

Control the randomization of the algorithm.

  • If int, random_state is the seed used by the random number generator;

  • If RandomState instance, random_state is the random number generator;

  • If None, the random number generator is the RandomState instance used by np.random.

verboseint, default=0

Controls the verbosity of the tree building process.

warm_startbool, default=False

When set to True, reuse the solution of the previous call to fit and add more estimators to the ensemble, otherwise, just fit a whole new forest.

class_weightdict, list of dicts, {“balanced”, “balanced_subsample”}, default=None

Weights associated with classes in the form dictionary with the key being the class_label and the value the weight. If not given, all classes are supposed to have weight one. For multi-output problems, a list of dicts can be provided in the same order as the columns of y. Note that for multioutput (including multilabel) weights should be defined for each class of every column in its own dict. For example, for four-class multilabel classification weights should be [{0: 1, 1: 1}, {0: 1, 1: 5}, {0: 1, 1: 1}, {0: 1, 1: 1}] instead of [{1:1}, {2:5}, {3:1}, {4:1}]. The “balanced” mode uses the values of y to automatically adjust weights inversely proportional to class frequencies in the input data as n_samples / (n_classes * np.bincount(y)) The “balanced_subsample” mode is the same as “balanced” except that weights are computed based on the bootstrap sample for every tree grown. For multi-output, the weights of each column of y will be multiplied. Note that these weights will be multiplied with sample_weight (passed through the fit method) if sample_weight is specified.

ccp_alphanon-negative float, default=0.0

Complexity parameter used for Minimal Cost-Complexity Pruning. The subtree with the largest cost complexity that is smaller than ccp_alpha will be chosen. By default, no pruning is performed.

New in version 0.6: Added in scikit-learn in 0.22

max_samplesint or float, default=None

If bootstrap is True, the number of samples to draw from X to train each base estimator.

  • If None (default), then draw X.shape[0] samples.

  • If int, then draw max_samples samples.

  • If float, then draw max_samples * X.shape[0] samples. Thus, max_samples should be in the interval (0, 1).

Be aware that the final number samples used will be the minimum between the number of samples given in max_samples and the number of samples obtained after resampling.

New in version 0.6: Added in scikit-learn in 0.22

See also

BalancedBaggingClassifier

Bagging classifier for which each base estimator is trained on a balanced bootstrap.

EasyEnsembleClassifier

Ensemble of AdaBoost classifier trained on balanced bootstraps.

RUSBoostClassifier

AdaBoost classifier were each bootstrap is balanced using random-under sampling at each round of boosting.

References

1

Chen, Chao, Andy Liaw, and Leo Breiman. “Using random forest to learn imbalanced data.” University of California, Berkeley 110 (2004): 1-12.

Examples

>>> from imblearn.ensemble import BalancedRandomForestClassifier
>>> from sklearn.datasets import make_classification
>>>
>>> X, y = make_classification(n_samples=1000, n_classes=3,
...                            n_informative=4, weights=[0.2, 0.3, 0.5],
...                            random_state=0)
>>> clf = BalancedRandomForestClassifier(max_depth=2, random_state=0)
>>> clf.fit(X, y)  
BalancedRandomForestClassifier(...)
>>> print(clf.feature_importances_)  
[...]
>>> print(clf.predict([[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
...                     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]]))
[1]
Attributes
estimators_list of DecisionTreeClassifier

The collection of fitted sub-estimators.

samplers_list of RandomUnderSampler

The collection of fitted samplers.

pipelines_list of Pipeline.

The collection of fitted pipelines (samplers + trees).

classes_ndarray of shape (n_classes,) or a list of such arrays

The classes labels (single output problem), or a list of arrays of class labels (multi-output problem).

n_classes_int or list

The number of classes (single output problem), or a list containing the number of classes for each output (multi-output problem).

n_features_int

The number of features when fit is performed.

n_outputs_int

The number of outputs when fit is performed.

feature_importances_ndarray of shape (n_features,)

The impurity-based feature importances.

oob_score_float

Score of the training dataset obtained using an out-of-bag estimate.

oob_decision_function_ndarray of shape (n_samples, n_classes)

Decision function computed with out-of-bag estimate on the training set. If n_estimators is small it might be possible that a data point was never left out during the bootstrap. In this case, oob_decision_function_ might contain NaN.

__init__(self, n_estimators=100, *, criterion='gini', max_depth=None, min_samples_split=2, min_samples_leaf=1, min_weight_fraction_leaf=0.0, max_features='auto', max_leaf_nodes=None, min_impurity_decrease=0.0, bootstrap=True, oob_score=False, sampling_strategy='auto', replacement=False, n_jobs=None, random_state=None, verbose=0, warm_start=False, class_weight=None, ccp_alpha=0.0, max_samples=None)[source]

Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.